The Korean War, one of the greatest conflicts of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States of America officially began on 25 June 1950. It was a direct war between North Korea which at the time was ruled by Kim Il Sung and South Korea which was under the rule of Rhee Syngman. The North Korean de facto absolute monarchy or “hereditary dictatorship” was a believer in communism and the South Korean organization was more inclined towards the modern approach, more like modern problems require modern solutions.
In the hopes that they would win and China would not intervene, the US backed South Korea, and seeing this, the Soviet Union and China extended its support to North Korea. This also made the Korean War a turning point in the Cold War. It was for the first time that communism was up against capitalism.
Interestingly enough, the location of Korea on the world map makes it an intriguing matter. Korea directly falls on the 38th Parallel making it an important point in the area of political jurisdiction.
The war between the two Korean states resulted in a bloodbath. After almost 5 million causalities, the war ended on 27th July 1953. To make “peace” the Korean Armistice Agreement was signed dividing the Korean peninsula in two parts, today known as South Korea and North Korea. The country was divided at the 38th parallel or also known as the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ), one of the most heavily guarded borders in the world.
Timeline of the Korean War
Invading of North Korea
North Korean troops cross the 38th parallel and invade South Korea.
North Korean troops reach Seoul.
Amphibious landing at Incheon
General Douglas MacArthur directs amphibious landing at Incheon.
Allied troops have recaptured Seoul
The Allies capture the capital of Pyongyang and continue to push towards the North Korean border with China
Engagement of the Chinese army
The Chinese Army crosses the North Korean border and forces an Allied retreat
Withdrawal from Seoul
North Korean troops with Chinese troops captured Seoul again and the Allies withdraw form Seoul
The signing of the armistice agreement
Both sides sign an armistice, establishing a demilitarized zone along the battleline
The following is the reason behind the fact that in today’s world North and South Korea exist as two different nations And maybe, just maybe like the abolishment of the Wall of Berlin, Germany. We can hope for some closure we can hope that these two states would join hands for a better future together.