Geographical traits of Korea

Korea’s territory is just over 100,000 kilograms and ranks 85th among 235 countries in the world. However, it has the highest population density among OECD countries, with a population of more than 52 million. The forest area of Korea is more than 63 percent of the country. But isn’t it amazing when you look at the population density? In this story, let’s briefly learn about the geographical features of Korea. 

Korea map

Complicated diplomacy

The geographical location of Korea is unique. To the north is North Korea, which was once a country, and above it is Russia. China is located to the west, and Japan to the south. It is a country with complicated diplomatic relations intertwined with various countries around it. In the past, it was also a battlefield between Soviet communism and American capitalism, which led to the Korean War. Now it’s in the middle of a world hegemony battle between the United States and China, and it’s also a complicated interest.


Image from CHA

The tidal flat is a rare terrain in the world. Korea’s tidal flats are the world’s five most extensive, mainly concentrated on the west coast. Various creatures, including endangered species, live in the tidal flat. In 2021, it was registered as a World Heritage Site to recognize its value. 

Numerous Islands

Data from KMI

Korea is the fourth-largest island country in the world, with about 3,348 islands. There are approximately 500 inhabited islands, and most of them are uninhabited islands.

Forest area

Image from Busan Ilbo

Korea is a mountainous country where mountainous areas account for more than 63 percent of the total land. However, most mountainous terrain has been eroded for a long time, so it has primarily low and gentle mountain forms. Therefore, there are very few places in Korea where you can see the horizon from the land.


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